SWISS will become the first customer of solar kerosene in 2023. . In order to shift from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources, Power-to-Liquid (PtL) technology can facilitate this . German federal and state governments and industrial leaders have agreed on a roadmap aimed at establishing climate-friendly power-to-liquid ( PtL ) aviation fuel production. In this context, the so called Power to Liquids (PtL) fuels, which comprises the production of synthetic liquid hydrocarbon fuels, using renewable electricity (for hydrogen generation with water electrolysis) and non fossil carbon dioxide (CO2) as the main feedstocks, is seen as a promising SAF pathway. Other, more advanced, technologies are in early stages of development, such as solar jet fuel (or sun-to . WHY PTL FUELS? The composition of the aviation fuel depends on the performance specification. Aviation liquid fuels from sunlight and air - Analysis and findings. Hydrogen and Power-to-Liquid (PtL) Concepts for Sustainable Aviation Fuel Production. Synthetic Power-to-Liquid fuels hold the promise to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by as much as 99%. The PtL roadmap is intended to create the basis for the annual production of at least 200,000 tonnes of sustainable kerosene for German air traffic by 2030. Swiss International Airlines will become the first airline to use solar aviation fuel ("sun-to-liquid" fuel) to help power its flights. Nevertheless, from today's perspective, the ambitious GHG emission reduction targets defined by the world community cannot be achieved without the use of alternative sustainable aviation fuels , .In this context, so-called Power-to-Liquid (PtL) fuels have recently been increasingly discussed in Europe and globally. Power-to-Liquid fuels for aviation - Processes, resources and supply potential under German conditions SebastianDrnert UlfNeuling TjerkZitscher MartinKaltschmitt https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.115578 Get rights and content Highlights Local CO 2 resource potentials have a strong impact on Power-to-Liquid generation. Hydrogen Fuel 5.4. 3.1 As long-haul aviation will very likely be depending on liquid fuels in the coming decades, it is necessary to encourage the production and use of climate-neutral liquid fuels to contribute to the global climate goals. Biofuel 5.3. 5. 5. The aviation industry is under considerable pressure to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. How could this technology be explained to a high school student? Zohaib Ali 22 June 2022 German aircraft manufacturer Deutsche Aircraft and South African chemicals and energy company Sasol have signed an MoU on advancing technology for green hydrogen-based PtL-SAF in aviation. FlyZero compared zero-carbon emission energy sources such as batteries, hydrogen and ammonia; the team concluded that green liquid hydrogen is the most viable, able to power large aircraft utilizing fuel cell, gas turbine and hybrid systems. According to the company, the new 'sun-to-liquid' aviation fuel will only release carbon emissions into the atmosphere that were absorbed during production. For this, Synhelion has developed a technology for manufacturing sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) from renewable energy sources. Power-to-liquid - liquid fuels such as diesel or kerosene - or power-to-gas are such synthetic products that are currently used in small quantities in air and road traffic. But there are a few reasons the green fuel. Aviation fuel is a blend of hydrocarbons, namely kerosene type (Aviation fuel A) and naptha type (Aviation fuel B), to name a few. MUNICH and JOHANNESBURG, 22 June 2022. In early 2019, Lufthansa signed a letter of intent with Heide, a refinery near Hamburg, Germany, to make and purchase power-to-liquid jet fuel. Deutsche Aircraft and Sasol ecoFT sign Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to advance Power-to-Liquid as a Sustainable Aviation Fuel (PtL-SAF / H2-SAF(PTL)) This means that this plant alone could provide 20% of the blending quota of PtL kerosene . The power-to-liquid process is a pioneering approach that uses renewable energy to produce hydrogen, synthesizes it with carbon dioxide to form hydrocarbons and processes these into a liquid fuel. The use of PtL-SAF is increasingly being seen as a long-term solution to minimise the carbon footprint of aviation. Hydroprocessed Fatty Acid Esters and Fatty Acids - Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HEFA-SPK) 6.2. The project will use wind energy from the North Sea. While direct power-to-liquid options are based on technically proven steps, the process is currently expensive and needs further development. . To the video. Click through the figure and learn more about the individual steps of the process. He's referring to two specific variants of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), known as power-to-liquid (PtL) and sun-to-liquid (StL) fuels. In this context, the so called Power to Liquids (PtL) fuels, which comprises the production of synthetic liquid hydrocarbon fuels, using renewable electricity (for hydrogen generation with water electrolysis) and non fossil carbon dioxide (CO2) as the main feedstocks, is seen as a promising SAF pathway. Power-to-liquid is a process first developed in Germany in the early 1900s, as an indirect way to liquefy coal for use as a replacement fuel for traditional fossil-based petroleum. Sasol ecoFT is an ideal partner for that task as the South African company is the world leader in FT (Fischer-Tropsch) technology. The technology, which is being developed by Synhelion, uses concentrated solar heat to manufacture syngas, which can be synthesized into kerosene to fuel aircraft. Sustainable aviation fuel is essential for aviation to become fossil-free within 2050, and power-to-liquid is expected to take an increasing share, according to Avinor. The logistics service providers have jointly committed to . If utilizing captured CO2 and green hydrogen, it can even create a carbon-neutral, circular system, picking up and using the CO2 that aviation is responsible for and turning it right back into power for the planes. Situated close to Montreal, this pilot plant will produce a type of SAF known as Power-to-Liquid (PtL), which is an e-fuel consisting of captured carbon dioxide (CO2) synthesised with renewable (green) hydrogen. . Technical, economic, and environmental aspects and potentials are discussed comprehensively. The Power-to-Liquid technology (PtL) uses renewably generated electricity, water and CO (from the atmosphere or industry) to create a synthetic crude oil that can be processed into . The process uses for example CO 2 recycled from regular air, and hydrogen, produced. Because of this process, PTL-based aviation fuel can be considered CO2-neutral. The aircraft, which is scheduled to be certified in 2026, will be able to use 100% H2-SAF (PtL) on top of any other certified sustainable aviation fuel and regular kerosene. 2. The latter is known as power-to-liquid and converts CO2 to SAF using electricity. Sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) are considered the most promising approach to reduce the sector's GHG emissions. The end product is a transportation fuel suited for aircraft, ships as well as heavy and Deutsche Aircraft and Sasol ecoFT sign Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to advance Power-to-Liquid as a Sustainable Aviation Fuel (PtL-SAF / H2-SAF(PTL))Both partners recognize the urgency of . Liquid hydrogen fuel has a . Power-to-Liquids technologies are on their way to commercialization in scale. The aviation industry is under considerable pressure to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The partnership will advance Power-to-Liquid as a Sustainable Aviation Fuel. Sustainable aviation fuel accounted for just 0.1 per cent of total . SAF is key to decarbonising the aviation sector, which is widely viewed as one of the most challenging sectors in which to reduce greenhouse gas . Hydrogen Fuel 5.4. Aircraft today are powered by liquid aviation fuel, made mostly from fossil fuel sources. To date, no comprehensive assessment exists . MTU Aero Engines is rising to this challenge and helping bring these fuels to market, also in partnership with other industry . Sustainable Aviation Fuel Industry in Saudi Arabia to 2027 - Focus on Biofuel, Hydrogen Fuel and Power to Liquid Fuel - ResearchAndMarkets.com. PtL is a drop-in replacement for conventional jet fuel. The electricity-based fuels are currently still in the development stage towards industrial production. Known as Power-to-Liquid (PtL), this type of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) is emerging as an exciting option to fuel future aircraft. The process involves capturing CO2 from large industrial emitters and converting it into an alternative fuel. . . SUSTAINABLE AVIATION FUEL MARKET, BY BIOFUEL MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY 6.1. October 4, 2021: Kuehne+Nagel and Lufthansa Cargo have agreed on an exclusive partnership for the promotion and use of power-to-liquid aviation fuel. The Power to-Liquid process can present a favourable greenhouse gas balance relative to conventional and bio-based aviation fuel streams with close to zero emissions [37]. Green Fuels Hamburg aims to make a significant contribution to de-carbonising the aviation sector. Compared to biofuels, PtL SAF reaches . The aircraft, which is scheduled to be certified in 2026, will be able to use 100% H2-SAF (PtL) on top of any other certified sustainable aviation fuel and regular kerosene. Concentrated solar radiation is absorbed in a solar reactor that converts water and CO 2 into synthesis gas - a gas mixture . With the current Norwegian mandate of 0,5% sustainable aviation fuel that applies to all fuel supply for domestic and international flights in Norway, the country has been .



This paper reviews the status of alternative fuel options for the aviation sector, covering liquid fuels, hydrogen and electricity. An article by the International Energy Agency. Introduction 5.2. The LEN Consortium will enable Sasol to work with world-class partners on the opportunity, employing its extensive experience to produce liquid fuels and chemicals with Fischer-Tropsch (FT) technology. The Power-to-Liquid technology (PtL) uses renewably generated electricity, water and CO (from the atmosphere or industry) to create a synthetic crude oil that can be processed into . E-fuels offer a way to expand the carbon-neutral transport fuel pool beyond biomass-based renewable fuels to replace fossil fuels in existing internal combustion engines. sustainable aviation fuels (SAF), power-based kerosene (Power to Liquid, PtL) show significantly higher yields per hectare than biogenic SAF, whilst having a negligible specific water consumption. Introducing renewable energy into aviation is challenging. To date, no comprehensive assessment exists . If feasible, the production capacity required would be at least 10 000 tonnes of green kerosene annually for aviation in the first expansion stage from 2026. The paper then explores the prospects for future demand and supply of alternative drop-in liquid aviation fuels to 2030. The aircraft, which is scheduled to be certified in 2026, will be able to use 100% H2-SAF (PtL) on top of any other certified sustainable aviation fuel and regular kerosene. Category Research Sustainable Aviation Fuel Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Type (Biofuel, Hydrogen Fuel, Power To Liquid Fuel), By Biofuel Blending Capacity (Below 30%, 30-50%, Above 50%), By Platform (Commercial Aviation, Military Aviation, Business & General Aviation, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles), By Biofuel Manufacturing Technology Based On Region, And Segment Forecasts, 2021 - 2027 But he added that power-to-liquid fuel could begin replacing fossil fuel-based aviation fuel and biofuel by the mid-2030s. It also discusses the main stages of the international certification process for aviation fuels, as well as aspects of the regulatory framework in Brazil. which anticipates biofuels reaching around 10% of aviation fuel demand by 2030, and close to 20% by 2040. . Electrical fuel cells could be suitable for short-range aircraft while hydrogen combustion would be suitable for long-range and higher payloads. Introduction 5.2. 17 Feb. 2022 PDF Cutting-edge Power-to-Liquid project transforms municipal waste-derived CO2 into sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) in Portugal (95.94 KB) One of the first synthetic eFuel production units in Europe could be implemented at LIPOR's Energy Recovery Plant, nearby Porto. The sustainable aviation fuel would be CO2-neutral PtL kerosene, which is already certified for use as aviation fuel. Power-to-Liquid fuels will be crucial to power large long-haul aircraft Aviation needs a sustainability revolution. Deutsche Aircraft and Sasol ecoFT sign Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to advance Power-to-Liquid as a Sustainable Aviation Fuel (PtL-SAF / H2-SAF(PTL)) Both partners recognize the urgency of . Synthetic paraffin, which is also known as power-to-liquid fuel, is a synthetic crude oil produced from regeneratively generated electricity, water and CO2. The catch is that the process is energy intensive and would need sustainably generated electricity to create true zero lifecycle emissions. Fig. considerable power To produce this power, an aviation fuel needs large energy per unit mass and volume For use in long distance aircraft, hydrogen would either need to be cryogenic or used in a power-to-liquid fuel, (a.k.a., electrofuels that use renewable H 2 and CO 2) Aviation also has stringent safety requirements -see ASTM In 1923, chemists Franz Fischer and Hans Tropsch decided to take a novel approach to converting coal into a new synthetic fuel - a process originally developed in Germany in 1913. Synthetic paraffin, which is also known as power-to-liquid fuel, is a synthetic crude oil produced from regeneratively generated electricity, water and CO2. Biofuel 5.3. 3.2 In comparison to biofuels, PtL achieves higher area-related yields when energy is derived May 12, 2022 05:24 AM Eastern Daylight Time. Our Correspondent4 Oct 2021 12:52 PM GMT. In 2019, civil aviation made up ~3% of global carbon emissions - but while other industries reduce their emissions, aviation's share is expected to keep growing once the industry recovers from the COVID crisis. As of today, electrofuels are a technically viable solution to help decarbonise the aviation sector. The logistics service providers have jointly committed to supporting the world's first production site for synthetic crude oil in Werlte/Emsland in . replacement of liquid fuel or as a fuel cell for electrical power. The present study, 'Power-to-Liquids - Potentials and Perspectives for the Future Supply of Renewable Aviation Fuel', focuses on aviation and investigates the PtL process as one major pillar of the energy supply in a greenhouse gas-neutral transport world. Hydrogen fuel-cells are already common devices found in cars, buses, and aircraft servicing vehicles [5]. Introducing renewable energy into aviation is challenging. "Emirates is strongly supportive of this initiative to develop environmentally and economically sustainable power-to-liquid fuel. SUSTAINABLE AVIATION FUEL MARKET, BY FUEL TYPE 5.1. The aircraft, which is scheduled to be certified in 2026, will be able to use 100% H2-SAF (PtL) on top of any other certified sustainable aviation fuel and regular kerosene. A schematic overview of all alternative fuel routes for aviation is provided in Figure 2. Power-to-Liquid. Synthetic kerosene, also called e-kerosene or power-to-liquid (PtL), is seen as having huge potential to slash the aviation industry's carbon footprint. Hydrogen and Power-to-Liquid (PtL) Concepts for Sustainable Aviation Fuel Production. However, these The electricity-based fuels are currently still in the development stage towards industrial production. SUSTAINABLE AVIATION FUEL MARKET, BY BIOFUEL MANUFACTURING . In addition, Airbus and Linde will analyse the potential of Power-to-Liquid fuels - a type of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) made from the synthetically produced liquid hydrocarbon through the . Synthetic kerosene, also called e-kerosene or power-to-liquid (PtL), is seen as having huge potential to slash the aviation industry's carbon footprint. Severe reductions in the greenhouse gas intensity of aviation fuels are required to get a growing aviation sector on a flightpath compliant with the Paris Climate Agreement. Power-to-Liquid (PtL) for Aviation Objective The purpose is to provide the scientific basis on Power-to-Liquid ( PtL ), an alternative fuel production pathway. Power to Liquid Fuel 6. The power-to-liquid (PtL) pathway uses renewable electricity, CO 2, and water to synthesize a sustainable alternative fuel that chemically resembles conventional jet fuel. Power-to-Liquid. Fischer Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene . IEA: World added record renewable power capacity in 2021, despite cost and logistical challenges Next Article We need to get serious about speeding up the switch to sustainable aviation fuel But there are a few reasons the green fuel hasn't taken off yet. In this context, the so called Power to Liquids (PtL) fuels, which comprises the production of synthetic liquid hydrocarbon fuels, using renewable electricity (for hydrogen generation with water electrolysis) and non fossil carbon dioxide (CO 2) as the main feedstocks, is seen as a promising SAF pathway. From a technological point of view, the report also analyses the dynamics of new fuels development from technical conditioning factors such as raw materials, products and equipment. Furthermore, synthetic fuels produced from renewable electricity, CO 2 and water via Power-to-Liquid processes may offer an . The International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) states that waste fats and oils are the most cost-effective SAF today. EASA is committed to facilitate the uptake of Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAFs) in the aviation industry. Zohaib Ali Send an email 22 June 2022 German aircraft manufacturer Deutsche Aircraft and South African chemicals and energy company Sasol have signed an MoU on advancing technology for green hydrogen-based PtL-SAF in aviation. With its D328eco program, Deutsche Aircraft is working on an aircraft in the under 50-seat market, that will achieve near carbon neutrality. Power to Liquid Fuel 6. For now, liquid hydrocarbon fuels like jet fuel remain the only means of powering commercial air travel. . In their Thought Leadership series published this week, Air bp features. SUSTAINABLE AVIATION FUEL MARKET, BY FUEL TYPE 5.1. That will be coupled with a production plant in which hydrogen is processed into power to liquid (PtL) kerosene, which is CO-neutral and a certified aviation fuel. The Power-to-Liquid fuels for aviation - Processes, resources and supply potential under German conditions study, by three academics from the Hamburg University of Technology, considers the . German federal and state governments and industrial leaders have agreed on a roadmap aimed at establishing climate-friendly power-to-liquid ( PtL ) aviation fuel production.

Modern PtL-SAF is produced by first using electrolysers (powered by renewable energy) to generate green hydrogen. In the absence of readily available technological solutions completely replacing conventional aircrafts, the use of SAF allows for a noticeable reduction of the environmental impact of aviation in the short to medium term while using the existing, global fleet. Aircraft today can incorporate up to 50% eSAF along with conventional fuel, and eSAF can easily be used as a drop-in fuel. October 4, 2021: Kuehne+Nagel and Lufthansa Cargo have agreed on an exclusive partnership for the promotion and use of power-to-liquid aviation fuel. The PtL roadmap is intended to create the basis for the annual production of at least 200,000 tonnes of sustainable kerosene for German air traffic by 2030. Flying is one of the most carbon-intensive ways to travel because planes are powered by fossil-based kerosene. Green Fuels Hamburg is designed to make a substantial contribution to decarbonising the aviation sector. The pathway doesnt depend on biomass, thus has no demand for arable land and low demand for water. Sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) are considered the most promising approach to reduce the sector's GHG emissions. For aviation to achieve net zero 2050 FlyZero determined that there must be investment now in both the . The aviation . . (CO 2) and the power of the sun. Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) is the umbrella term for all aviation fuels that are produced without the use of fossil energy sources. IEA: World added record renewable power capacity in 2021, despite cost and logistical challenges Next Article We need to get serious about speeding up the switch to sustainable aviation fuel